The Pennsylvania State Police were formed by an act of the state legislature in 1905. The first police force of its kind in the nation, they were organized in response to The Great Anthracite Strike of 1902. The strike lasted seven months, drove up the price of coal, and caused a nationwide shortage, requiring President Theodore Roosevelt’s intervention to resolve. The strike made it evident that a state-maintained police for was necessary to maintain order and prevent such a situation from again escalating out of control. Despite persistent opposition and distrust from those who were concerned that the State Police would be exploited as a private army, the Pennsylvania State Police opened their first training academy in Hershey in 1924. They continue to serve the Commonwealth today.