A native of Scotland, James Burd came to America in 1747 or 1748. In 1756, he settled in Lancaster County but soon joined the military at the outbreak of the French and Indian War. He was commissioned a Major at Fort Augusta in 1756 and took command of the fort in December. During the war, Burd was instrumental in helping to fortify the Pennsylvania front and improve transportation. In 1774, Burd worked with a group of residents in Middletown to establish the Middletown Resolves, a group of resolutions formally protesting the oppressive acts of Britain’s Parliament against the American colonists. In 1775, he helped to organize colonial military forces as a member of the Committee of Safety in Lancaster County. James Burd retired to civilian life in 1776 and died at “Tinian”, his farm a short distance from this marker in 1793.